FREE CITY OF DANZIG.
Germany renounces in favour of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers all rights and title
over the territory comprised within the following limits:
from the Baltic Sea southwards to the point where the principal channels of navigation of the
Nogat and the Vistula (Weichsel) meet:
the boundary of East Prussia as described in Article 28 of Part II (Boundaries of Germany)
of the present Treaty;
thence the principal channel of navigation of the Vistula downstream to a point about 6-1/2
kilometres north of the bridge of Dirschau;
thence north-west to point 5-1/2 kilometres south-east of the church of Guttland:
a line to be fixed on the ground,
thence in a general westerly direction to the salient made by the boundary of the Kreis of
Berent 8-1/2 kilometres north-east of Schoneck:
a line to be fixed on the ground passing between Muhlbanz on the south and Rambeltsch on the
thence the boundary of the Kreis of Berent westwards to the re-entrant which it forms 6 kilometres
north-north-west Schoneck; thence to a point on the median line of Lonkener See:
a line to be fixed on the ground passing north of Neu Fietz and Schatarpi and south of Barenhutte
thence the median line of Lonkener See to its northernmost point;
thence to the southern end of Pollenziner See:
a line to be fixed on the ground;
thence the median line of Pollenziner See to its northernmost point;
thence in a north-easterly direction to a point about 1 kilometre south of Koliebken church,
where the Danzig-Neustadt railway crosses a stream:
a line to be fixed on the ground passing south-east of Kamehlen, Krissau, Fidlin, Sulmin (Richthof),
Mattern, Schaferei, and to the north-west of Neuendorf, Marschau, Czapielken, Hoch- and Klein-Kelpin, Pulvermuhl, Renneberg,
and the towns of Oliva and Zoppot;
thence the course of the stream mentioned above to the Baltic Sea. The boundaries described
above are drawn on a German map, scale 1/100,000, attached to the present Treaty.
A Commission composed of three members appointed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,
including a High Commissioner as President, one member appointed by Germany and one member appointed by Poland, shall
be constituted within fifteen days of the coming into force of the present Treaty for the purpose of delimiting on
the spot the frontier of the territory as described above, taking into account as far as possible the existing communal
The Principal Allied and Associated Powers undertake to establish the town of Danzig, together
with the rest of the territory described in Article 100, as a Free City. It will be placed under the protection of
the League of Nations.
A constitution for the Free City of Danzig shall be drawn up by the duly appointed representatives
of the Free City in agreement with a High Commissioner to be appointed by the League of Nations. This constitution
shall be placed under the guarantee of the League of Nations.
The High Commissioner will also be entrusted with the duty of dealing in the first instance
with all differences arising between Poland and the Free City of Danzig in regard to this Treaty or any arrangements
or agreements made thereunder.
The High Commissioner shall reside at Danzig.
The Principal Allied and Associated Powers undertake to negotiate a Treaty between the Polish
Government and the Free City of Danzig, which shall come into force at the same time as the establishment of the said
Free City, with the following objects:
(1) To effect the inclusion of the Free City of Danzig within the Polish Customs frontiers,
and to establish a free area in the port;
(2) To ensure to Poland without any restriction the free use and service of all waterways,
docks, basins, wharves and other works within the territory of the Free City necessary for Polish imports and exports;
(3) To ensure to Poland the control and administration of the Vistula and of the whole railway
system within the Free City, except such street and other railways as serve primarily the needs of the Free City, and
of postal, telegraphic and telephonic communication between Poland and the port of Danzig;
(4) To ensure to Poland the right to develop and improve the waterways, docks, basins, wharves,
railways and other works and means of communication mentioned in this Article, as well as to lease or purchase through
appropriate processes such land and other property as may be necessary for these purposes,
(5) To provide against any discrimination within the Free City of Danzig to the detriment of
citizens of Poland and other persons of Polish origin or speech;
(6) To provide that the Polish Government shall undertake the conduct of the foreign relations
of the Free City of Danzig as well as the diplomatic protection of citizens of that city when abroad.
On the coming into force of the present Treaty German nationals ordinarily resident in the
territory described in Article 100 will ipso facto lose their German nationality in order to become nationals of the
Free City of Danzig.
Within a period of two years from the coming into force of the present Treaty, German nationals
over 18 years of age ordinarily resident in the territory described in Article 100 will have the right to opt for German
Option by a husband will cover his wife and option by parents will cover their children less
than 18 years of age.
All persons who exercise the right of option referred to above must during the ensuing twelve
months transfer their place of residence to Germany.
These persons will be entitled to preserve the immovable property possessed by them in the
territory of the Free City of Danzig. They may carry with them their movable property of every description. No export
or import duties shall be imposed upon upon them in this connection.
All property situated within the territory of the Free City of Danzig belonging to the German
Empire or to any German State shall pass to the Principal Allied and Associated Powers for transfer to the Free City
of Danzig or to the Polish State as they may consider equitable.
The proportion and nature of the financial liabilities of Germany and of Prussia to be borne
by the Free City of Danzig shall be fixed in accordance with Article 254 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) of the present
All other questions which may arise from the cession of the territory referred to in Article
100 shall be settled by further agreements.
The frontier between Germany and Denmark shall be fixed in conformity with the wishes of the
For this purpose, the population inhabiting the territories of the former German Empire situated
to the north of a line, from East to West, (shown by a brown line on the map No. 4, annexed to the present Treaty):
leaving the Baltic Sea about 13 kilometres east-north-east of Flensburg,
running south-west so as to pass south-east of: Sygum, Ringsberg, Munkbrarup, Adelby, Tastrup,
Jarplund, Oversee, and northwest of: Langballigholz, Langballig, Bonstrup, Rullschau, Weseby, Kleinwolstrup, Gross-Solt,
thence westwards passing south of Frorup and north of Wanderup,
thence in a south-westerly direction passing south-east of Oxlund, Stieglund and Ostenau and
north-west of the villages on the Wanderup-Kollund road,
thence in a north-westerly direction passing south-west of Lowenstedt, Joldelund, Goldelund,
and north-east of Kolkerheide and Hogel to the bend of the Soholmer Au, about 1 kilometre east of Soholm, where it
meets the southern boundary of the Kreis of Tondern, following this boundary to the North Sea,passing south of the
islands of Fohr and Amrum and north of the islands of Oland and Langeness, shall be called upon to pronounce by a vote
which will be taken under the following conditions:
(1) Within a period not exceeding ten days from the coming into force of the present Treaty,
the German troops and authorities (including the Oberprasidenten, Regierungs-prasidenten, Landrathe, Amtsvorsteher,
Oberburgermeister) shall evacuate the zone lying to the north of the line above fixed.
Within the same period the Workmen's and Soldiers', Councils which have been constituted in
this zone shall be dissolved; members of such councils who are natives of another region and are exercising their functions
at the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty, or who have gone out of office since March 1, 1919, shall
also be evacuated.
The said zone shall immediately be placed under the authority of an International Commission,
composed of five members, of whom three will be designated by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers; the Norwegian
and Swedish Governments will each be requested to designate a member; in the event of their failing to do so, these
two members will be chosen by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
The Commission, assisted in case of need by the necessary forces, shall have general powers
of administration. In particular, it shall at once provide for filling the places of the evacuated German authorities,
and if necessary shall itself give orders for their evacuation, and proceed to fill the places of such local authorities
as may be required. It shall take all steps which it thinks proper to ensure the freedom, fairness, and secrecy of
the vote. It shall be assisted by German and Danish technical advisers chosen by it from among the local population.
Its decisions will be taken by a majority.
One-half of the expenses of the Commission and of the expenditure occasioned by the plebiscite
shall be paid by Germany.
(2) The right to vote shall be given to all persons, without distinction of sex, who:
(a) Have completed their twentieth year at the date of the coming into force of the present
(b) Were born in the zone in which the plebiscite is taken, or have been domiciled there since
a date before January 1, 1900, or had been expelled by the German authorities without having retained their domicile
Every person will vote in the commune (Gemeinde) where he is domiciled or of which he is a
Military persons, officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the German army, who
are natives of the zone of Schleswig in which the plebiscite is taken, shall be given the opportunity to return to
their native place in order to take part in the voting there.
(3) In the section of the evacuated zone lying to the north of a line, from East to West (shown
by a red line on map No. 4 which is annexed to the present Treaty). [See Introduction]:
passing south of the island of Alsen and following the median line of Flensburg Fjord,
leaving the fjord about 6 kilometres north of Flensburg and following the course of the stream
flowing past Kupfermuhle upstream to a point north of Niehuus,
passing north of Pattburg and Ellund and south of Froslee to meet the eastern boundary of the
Kreis of Tondern at its junction with the boundary between the old jurisdiction of Slogs and Kjaer (Slogs, Herred,
and Kaer Herred),
following the latter boundary to where it meets the Scheidebek, following the course of the
Scheidebek (AIte Au), Suder Au, and Wied Au downstream successively to the point where the latter bends northwards
about 1,500 metres west of Ruttebull
thence, in a west-north-westerly direction to meet the North Sea north of SieItoft,
thence, passing north of the island of Sylt,
the vote above provided for shall be taken within a period not exceeding three weeks after
the evacuation of the country by the German troops and authorities.
The result will be determined by the majority of votes cast in the whole of this section. This
result will be immediately communicated by the Commission to the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and proclaimed.
If the vote results in favour of the reincorporation of this territory in the Kingdom of Denmark,
the Danish Government in agreement with the Commission will be entitled to effect its occupation with their military
and administrative authorities immediately after the proclamation.
(4) In the section of the evacuated zone situated to the south of the preceding section and
to the north of the line which starts from the Baltic Sea 13 kilometres from Flensburg and ends north of the islands
of Oland and Langeness, the vote will be taken within a period not exceeding five weeks after the plebiscite shall
have been held in the first section.
The result will be determined by communes (Gemeinden), in accordance with the majority of the
votes cast in each commune (Gemeinde).
Pending a delimitation on the spot, a frontier line will be fixed by the Principal Allied and
Associated Powers according to a line based on the result of the voting, and proposed by the International Commission,
and taking into account the particular geographical and economic conditions of the localities in question.
From that time the Danish Government may effect the occupation of these territories with the
Danish civil and military authorities, and the German Government may reinstate up to the said frontier line the German
civil and military authorities whom it has evacuated.
Germany hereby renounces definitely in favour of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers
all rights of sovereignty over the territories situated to the north of the frontier line fixed in accordance with
the above provisions. The Principal Allied and Associated Powers will hand over the said territories to Denmark.
A Commission composed of seven members, five of whom shall be nominated by the Principal Allied
and Associated Powers, one by Denmark, and one by Germany, shall be constituted within fifteen days from the date when
the final result of the vote is known, to trace the frontier line on the spot.
The decisions of the Commission will be taken by a majority of votes and shall be binding on
the parties concerned.
All the inhabitants of the territory which is returned to Denmark will acquire Danish nationality
ipso facto, and will lose their German nationality.
Persons, however, who had become habitually resident in this territory after October 1, 1918,
will not be able to acquire Danish nationality without permission from the Danish Government.
Within two years from the date on which the sovereignty over the whole or part of the territory
of Schleswig subjected to the plebiscite is restored to Denmark:
Any person over 18 years of age, born in the territory restored to Denmark not habitually resident
in this region, and possessing German nationality, will be entitled to opt for Denmark;
Any person over 18 years of age habitually resident in the territory restored to Denmark will
be entitled to opt for Germany.
Option by a husband will cover his wife and option by parents will cover their children less
than 18 years of age.
Persons who have exercised the above right to opt must within the ensuing twelve months transfer
their place of residence to the State in favour of which they have opted.
They will be entitled to retain the immovable property which they own in the territory of the
other State in which they were habitually resident before opting. They may carry with them their movable property of
every description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon them in connection with the removal of such property.
The proportion and nature of the financial or other obligations of Germany and Prussia which
are to be assumed by Denmark will be fixed in accordance with Article 254 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) of the present
Further stipulations will determine any other questions arising out of the transfer to Denmark
of the whole or part of the territory of which she was deprived by the Treaty of October 30, 1864.
The fortifications, military establishments, and harbours, of the Islands of Heligoland and
Dune shall be destroyed under the supervision of the Principal Allied Governments by German labour and at the expense
of Germany within a period to be determined by the said Governments.
The term "harbours,, shall include the north-east mole, the west wall, the outer and inner
breakwaters, and reclaimed land within them, and all naval and military works, fortifications, and buildings, constructed
or under construction, between lines connecting the following positions taken from the British Admiralty chart No.
126 of April 19, 1918:
(a) lat. 54° 10' 49" N.; long. 7° 53' 39" E.; (b) 54° 10' 35"
N.; 7° 54' 18" E.; (c) 54° 10' 14" N.; 7° 54' 00" E.; (d) 54°
10' 17" N.; 7° 53' 37" E.; (e) 54° 10' 44" N.; 7° 53' 26" E.
These fortifications, military establishments, and harbours shall not be reconstructed nor
shall any similar works be constructed in future.
RUSSIA AND RUSSIAN STATES.
Germany acknowledges and agrees to respect as permanent and inalienable the independence of
all the territories which were part of the former Russian Empire on August 1, 1914.
In accordance with the provisions of Article 259 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) and Article
292 of Part X (Economic Clauses) Germany accepts definitely the abrogation of the Brest-Litovsk Treaties and of all
other treaties, conventions, and agreements entered into by her with the Maximalist Government in Russia.
The Allied and Associated Powers formally reserve the rights of Russia to obtain from Germany
restitution and reparation based on the principles of the present Treaty.
Germany undertakes to recognise the full force of all treaties or agreements which may be entered
into by the Allied and Associated Powers with States now existing or coming into existence in future in the whole or
part of the former Empire of Russia as it existed on August 1, 1914, and to recognise the frontiers of any such States
as determined therein.
MANDATES IN AFRICA
GERMAN RIGHTS AND INTERESTS OUTSIDE GERMANY.
In territory outside her European frontiers as fixed by the present Treaty, Germany renounces
all rights, titles and privileges whatever in or over territory which belonged to her or to her allies, and all rights,
titles and privileges whatever their origin which she held as against the Allied and Associated Powers.
Germany hereby undertakes to recognise and to conform to the measures which may be taken now
or in the future by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, in agreement where necessary with third Powers, in
order to carry the above stipulation into effect.
In particular Germany declares her acceptance of the following Articles relating to certain
Germany renounces in favour of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers all her rights and
titles over her oversea possessions.
All movable and immovable property in such territories belonging to the German Empire or to
any German State shall pass to the Government exercising authority over such territories, on the terms laid down in
Article 257 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) of the present Treaty. The decision of the local courts in any dispute as
to the nature of such property shall be final.
The provisions of Sections I and IV of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty shall
apply in the case of these territories whatever be the form of Government adopted for them.
The Government exercising authority over such territories may make such provisions as it thinks
fit with reference to the repatriation from them of German nationals and to the conditions upon which German subjects
of European origin shall, or shall not, be allowed to reside, hold property, trade or exercise a profession in them.
The provisions of Article 260 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) of the present Treaty shall apply
in the case of all agreements concluded with German nationals for the construction or exploitation of public works
in the German oversea possessions, as well as any sub-concessions or contracts resulting therefrom which may have been
made to or with such nationals.
Germany hereby undertakes to pay, in accordance with the estimate to be presented by the French
Government and approved by the Reparation Commission, reparation for damage suffered by French nationals in the Cameroons
or the frontier zone by reason of the acts of the German civil and military authorities and of German private individuals
during the period from January 1, 1900, to August 1, 1914.
Germany renounces all rights under the Conventions and Agreements with France of November 4,
1911, and September 28, 1912, relating to Equatorial Africa. She undertakes to pay to the French Government, in accordance
with the estimate to be presented by that Government and approved by the Reparation Commission, all the deposits, credits,
advances, etc., effected by virtue of these instruments in favour of Germany.
Germany undertakes to accept and observe the agreements made or to be made by the Allied and
Associated Powers or some of them with any other Power with regard to the trade in arms and spirits, and to the matters
dealt with in the General Act of Berlin of February 26, 1885, the General Act of Brussels of July 2, 1890, and the
conventions completing or modifying the same.
The native inhabitants of the former German oversea possessions shall be entitled to the diplomatic
protection of the Governments exercising authority over those territories.
Germany renounces in favour of China all benefits and privileges resulting from the provisions
of the final Protocol signed at Peking on September 7, 1901, and from all annexes, notes and documents supplementary
thereto. She likewise renounces in favour of China any claim to indemnities accruing thereunder subsequent to March
From the coming into force of the present Treaty the High Contracting Parties shall apply,
in so far as concerns them respectively:
(1) The Arrangement of August 29, 1902, regarding the new Chinese customs tariff;
(2) The Arrangement of September 27, 1905, regarding Whang-Poo, and the provisional supplementary
Arrangement of April 4, 1912.
China, however, will no longer be bound to grant to Germany the advantages or privileges which
she allowed Germany under these Arrangements.
[SEE MAP p. 87]
Subject to the provisions of Section VIII of this Part, Germany cedes to China all the buildings,
wharves and pontoons, barracks, forts, arms and munitions of war, vessels of all kinds, wireless telegraphy installations
and other public property belonging to the German Government, which are situated or may be in the German Concessions
at Tientsin and Hankow or elsewhere in Chinese territory.
It is understood, however, that premises used as diplomatic or consular residences or offices
are not included in the above cession, and, furthermore, that no steps shall be taken by the Chinese Government to
dispose of the German public and private property situated within the so-called Legation Quarter at Peking without
the consent of the Diplomatic Representatives of the Powers which, on the coming into force of the present Treaty,
remain Parties to the Final Protocol of September 7, 1901.
Germany undertakes to restore to China within twelve months from the coming into force of the
present Treaty all the astronomical instruments which her troops in 1900-1901 carried away from China, and to defray
all expenses which may be incurred in effecting such restoration, including the expenses of dismounting, packing, transporting,
insurance and installation in Peking.
Germany agrees to the abrogation of the leases from the Chinese Government under which the
German Concessions at Hankow and Tientsin are now held.
China, restored to the full exercise of her sovereign rights in the above areas, declares her
intention of opening them to international residence and trade. She further declares that the abrogation of the leases
under which these concessions are now held shall not affect the property rights of nationals of Allied and Associated
Powers who are holders of lots in these concessions.
Germany waives all claims against the Chinese Government or against any Allied or Associated
Government arising out of the internment of German nationals in China and their repatriation. She equally renounces
all claims arising out of the capture and condemnation of German ships in China, or the liquidation, sequestration
or control of German properties, rights and interests in that country since August 14, 1917. This provision, however,
shall not affect the rights of the parties interested in the proceeds of any such liquidation, which shall be governed
by the provisions of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Germany renounces in favour of the Government of His Britannic Majesty the German State property
in the British Concession at Shameen at Canton. She renounces in favour of the French and Chinese Governments conjointly
the property of the German school situated in the French Concession at Shanghai.
Germany recognises that all treaties, conventions and agreements between her and Siam, and
all rights, title and privileges derived therefrom, including all rights of extraterritorial jurisdiction, terminated
as from July 22, 1917.
All goods and property in Siam belonging to the German Empire or to any German State, with
the exception of premises used as diplomatic or consular residences or offices, pass ipso facto and without compensation
to the Siamese Government.
The goods, property and private rights of German nationals in Siam shall be dealt with in accordance
with the provisions of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Germany waives all claims against the Siamese Government on behalf of herself or her nationals
arising out of the seizure or condemnation of German ships, the liquidation of German property, or the internment of
German nationals in Siam. This provision shall not affect the rights of the parties interested in the proceeds of any
such liquidation, which shall be governed by the provisions of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Germany renounces all rights and privileges arising from the arrangements of 1911 and 1912
regarding Liberia, and particularly the right to nominate a German Receiver of Customs in Liberia.
She further renounces all claim to participate in any measures whatsoever which may be adopted
for the rehabilitation of Liberia.
Germany recognises that all treaties and arrangements between her and Liberia terminated as
from August 4, 1917.
The property, rights and interests of Germans in Liberia shall be dealt with in accordance
with Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Germany renounces all rights, titles and privileges conferred on her by the General Act of
Algeciras of April 7, 1906, and by the Franco-German Agreements of February 9, 1909, and November 4, 1911. All treaties,
agreements, arrangements and contracts concluded by her with the Sherifian Empire are regarded as abrogated as from
August 3, 1914
In no case can Germany take advantage of these instruments and she undertakes not to intervene
in any way in negotiations relating to Morocco which may take place between France and the other Powers.
Germany having recognised the French Protectorate in Morocco, hereby accepts all the consequences
of its establishment, and she renounces the regime of the capitulations therein.
This renunciation shall take effect as from August 3, 1914.
The Sherifian Government shall have complete liberty of action in regulating the status of
German nationals in Morocco and the conditions in which they may establish themselves there.
German protected persons, semsars and "associes agricoles", shall be considered as
having ceased, as from August 3, 1914, to enjoy the privileges attached to their status and shall be subject to the
All property and possessions in the Sherifian Empire of the German Empire and the German States
pass to the Maghzen without payment.
For this purpose, the property and possessions of the German Empire and States shall be deemed
to include all the property of the Crown, the Empire or the States, and the private property of the former German Emperor
and other Royal personages.
All movable and immovable property in the Sherifian Empire belonging to German nationals shall
be dealt with in accordance with Sections III and IV of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Mining rights which may be recognised as belonging to German nationals by the Court of Arbitration
set up under the Moroccan Mining Regulations shall form the subject of a valuation, which the arbitrators shall be
requested to make, and these rights shall then be treated in the same way as property in Morocco belonging to German
The German Government shall ensure the transfer to a person nominated by the French Government
of the shares representing Germany's portion of the capital of the State Bank of Morocco. The value of these shares,
as assessed by the Reparation Commission, shall be paid to the Reparation Commission for the credit of Germany on account
of the sums due for reparation. The German Government shall be responsible for indemnifying its nationals so dispossessed.
This transfer will take place without prejudice to the repayment of debts which German nationals
may have contracted towards the State Bank of Morocco.
Moroccan goods entering Germany shall enjoy the treatment accorded to French goods
Germany declares that she recognises the Protectorate proclaimed over Egypt by Great Britain
on December 18, 1914, and that she renounces the regime of the Capitulations in Egypt.
This renunciation shall take effect as from August 4, 1914.
All treaties, agreements, arrangements and contracts concluded by Germany with Egypt are regarded
as abrogated as from August 4, 1914.
In no case can Germany avail herself of these instruments and she undertakes not to intervene
in any way in negotiations relating to Egypt which may take place between Great Britain and the other Powers.
Until an Egyptian law of judicial organization establishing courts with universal jurisdiction
comes into force, provision shall be made, by means of decrees issued by His Highness the Sultan, for the exercise
of jurisdiction over German nationals and property by the British Consular Tribunals.
The Egyptian Government shall have complete liberty of action in regulating the status of German
nationals and the conditions under which they may establish themselves in Egypt.
Germany consents to the abrogation of the decree issued by His Highness the Khedive on November
28, 1914, relating to the Commission of the Egyptian Public Debt, or to such changes as the Egyptian Government may
think it desirable to make therein.
Germany consents, in so far as she is concerned, to the transfer to His Britannic Majesty's
Government of the powers conferred on His Imperial Majesty the Sultan by the Convention signed at Constantinople on
October 29, 1888, relating to the free navigation of the Suez Canal.
She renounces all participation in the Sanitary, Maritime, and Quarantine Board of Egypt and
consents, in so far as she is concerned, to the transfer to the Egyptian Authorities of the powers of that Board.
All property and possessions in Egypt of the German Empire and the German States pass to the
Egyptian Government without payment.
For this purpose, the property and possessions of the German Empire and States shall be deemed
to include all the property of the Crown, the Empire or the States, and the private property of the former German Emperor
and other Royal personages.
All movable and immovable property in Egypt belonging to German nationals shall be dealt with
in accordance with Sections III and IV of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
Egyptian goods entering Germany shall enjoy the treatment accorded to British goods.
TURKEY AND BULGARIA.
Germany undertakes to recognise and accept all arrangements which the Allied and Associated
Powers may make with Turkey and Bulgaria with reference to any rights, interests and privileges whatever which might
be claimed by Germany or her nationals in Turkey and Bulgaria and which are not dealt with in the provisions of the
Germany renounces, in favour of Japan, all her rights, title and privileges¯particularly
those concerning the territory of Kiaochow, railways, mines and submarine cableswhich she acquired in virtue of
the Treaty concluded by her with China on March 6 1898, and of all other arrangements relative to the Province of Shantung.
All German rights in the Tsingtao-Tsinanfu Railway, including its branch lines together with
its subsidiary property of all kinds, stations, shops, fixed and rolling stock, mines, plant and material for the exploitation
of the mines, are and remain acquired by Japan, together with all rights and privileges attaching thereto.
The German State submarine cables from Tsingtao to Shanghai and from Tsingtao to Chefoo, with
all the rights, privileges and properties attaching thereto, are similarly acquired by Japan, free and clear of all
charges and encumbrances.
The movable and immovable property owned by the German State in the territory of Kiaochow,
as well as all the rights which Germany might claim in consequence of the works or improvements made or of the expenses
incurred by her, directly or indirectly, in connection with this territory, are and remain acquired by Japan, free
and clear of all charges and encumbrances.
Germany shall hand over to Japan within three months from the coming into force of the present
Treaty the archives, registers, plans, title-deeds and documents of every kind, wherever they may be, relating to the
administration, whether civil, military, financial, judicial or other, of the territory of Kiaochow.
Within the same period Germany shall give particulars to Japan of all treaties, arrangements
or agreements relating to the rights, title or privileges referred to in the two preceding Articles.
MILITARY, NAVAL AND AIR CLAUSES.
In order to render possible the initiation of a general limitation of the armaments of all
nations, Germany undertakes strictly to observe the military, naval and air clauses which follow.
EFFECTIVES AND CADRES OF THE GERMAN ARMY.
The German military forces shall be demobilised and reduced as prescribed hereinafter.
(1) By a date which must not be later than March 31, 1920, the German Army must not comprise
more than seven divisions of infantry and three divisions of cavalry.
After that date the total number of effectives in the Army of the States constituting Germany
must not exceed one hundred thousand men, including officers and establishments of depots. The Army shall be devoted
exclusively to the maintenance of order within the territory and to the control of the frontiers.
The total effective strength of officers, including the personnel of staffs, whatever their
composition, must not exceed four thousand.
(2) Divisions and Army Corps headquarters staffs shall be organised in accordance with Table
No. 1 annexed to this Section.
The number and strengths of the units of infantry, artillery, engineers, technical services
and troops laid down in the aforesaid Table constitute maxima which must not be exceeded.
The following units may each have their own depot:
An Infantry regiment; A Cavalry regiment; A regiment of Field Artillery; A battalion of Pioneers.
(3) The divisions must not be grouped under more than two army corps headquarters staffs.
The maintenance or formation of forces differently grouped or of other organisations for the
command of troops or for preparation for war is forbidden.
The Great German General Staff and all similar organisations shall be dissolved and may not
be reconstituted in any form.
The officers, or persons in the position of officers, in the Ministries of War in the different
States in Germany and in the Administrations attached to them, must not exceed three hundred in number and are included
in the maximum strength of four thousand laid down in the third sub-paragraph of paragraph (1) of this Article.
Army administrative services consisting of civilian personnel not included in the number of
effectives prescribed by the present Treaty will have such personnel reduced in each class to one-tenth of that laid
down in the Budget of 1913.
The number of employees or officials of the German States such as customs officers, forest
guards and coastguards, shall not exceed that of the employees or officials functioning in these capacities in 1913.
The number of gendarmes and employees or officials of the local or municipal police may only
be increased to an extent corresponding to the increase of population since 1913 in the districts or municipalities
in which they are employed.
These employees and officials may not be assembled for military training.
The reduction of the strength of the German military forces as provided for in Article 160
may be effected gradually in the following manner:
Within three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty the total number of effectives
must be reduced to 200,000 and the number of units must not exceed twice the number of those laid down in Article 160.
At the expiration of this period, and at the end of each subsequent period of three months,
a Conference of military experts of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers will fix the reductions to be made in
the ensuing three months, so that by March 31, 1920, at the latest the total number of German effectives does not exceed
the maximum number of l00,000 men laid down in Article 160. In these successive reductions the same ratio between the
number of officers and of men, and between the various kinds of units, shall be maintained as is laid down in that
ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS AND MATERIAL.
Up till the time at which Germany is admitted as a member of the League of Nations the German
Army must not possess an armament greater than the amounts fixed in Table No. II annexed to this Section, with the
exception of an optional increase not exceeding one-twentyfifth part for small arms and one-fiftieth part for guns,
which shall be exclusively used to provide for such eventual replacements as may be necessary.
Germany agrees that after she has become a member of the League of Nations the armaments fixed
in the said Table shall remain in force until they are modified by the Council of the League. Furthermore she hereby
agrees strictly to observe the decisions of the Council of the League on this subject.
The maximum number of guns, machine guns, trench-mortars, rifles and the amount of ammunition
and equipment which Germany is allowed to maintain during the period between the coming into force of the present Treaty
and the date of March 31, 1920, referred to in Article 160, shall bear the same proportion to the amount authorized
in Table No. III annexed to this Section as the strength of the German Army as reduced from time to time in accordance
with Article 163 bears to the strength permitted under Article 160.
At the date of March 31, 1920, the stock of munitions which the German Army may have at its
disposal shall not exceed the amounts fixed in Table No. III annexed to this Section.
Within the same period the German Government will store these stocks at points to be notified
to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers. The German Government is forbidden to establish any
other stocks, depots or reserves of munitions.
The number and calibre of the guns constituting at the date of the coming into force of the
present Treaty the armament of the fortified works, fortresses, and any land or coast forts which Germany is allowed
to retain must be notified immediately by the German Government to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated
Powers, and will constitute maximum amounts which may not be exceeded.
Within two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, the maximum stock of ammunition
for these guns will be reduced to, and maintained at, the following uniform rates: fifteen hundred rounds per
piece for those the calibre of which is 10.5 cm. and under: five hundred rounds per piece for those of higher calibre.
The manufacture of arms, munitions, or any war material, shall only be carried out in factories
or works the location of which shall be communicated to and approved by the Governments of the Principal Allied and
Associated Powers, and the number of which they retain the right to restrict.
Within three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, all other establishments
for the manufacture, preparation, storage or design of arms, munitions, or any war material whatever shall be closed
down. The same applies to all arsenals except those used as depots for the authorised stocks of munitions. Within the
same period the personnel of these arsenals will be dismissed.
Within two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty German arms, munitions and
war material, including anti-aircraft material, existing in Germany in excess of the quantities allowed, must be surrendered
to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers to be destroyed or rendered useless. This will also
apply to any special plant intended for the manufacture of military material, except such as may be recognised as necessary
for equipping the authorised strength of the German army.
The surrender in question will be effected at such points in German territory as may be selected
by the said Governments.
Within the same period arms, munitions and war material, including anti-aircraft material,
of origin other than German, in whatever state they may be, will be delivered to the said Governments, who will decide
as to their disposal.
Arms and munitions which on account of the successive reductions in the strength of the German
army become in excess of the amounts authorised by Tables II and III annexed to this Section must be handed over in
the manner laid down above within such periods as may be decided by the Conferences referred to in Article 163.
Importation into Germany of arms, munitions and war material of every kind shall be strictly
The same applies to the manufacture for, and export to, foreign countries of arms, munitions
and war material of every kind.
The use of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and all analogous liquids, materials or devices
being prohibited, their manufacture and importation are strictly forbidden in Germany.
The same applies to materials specially intended for the manufacture, storage and use of the
said products or devices.
The manufacture and the importation into Germany of armoured cars, tanks and all similar constructions
suitable for use in war are also prohibited.
Within a period of three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, the German
Government will disclose to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers the nature and mode of manufacture
of all explosives, toxic substances or other like chemical preparations used by them in the war or prepared by them
for the purpose of being so used.
RECRUITING AND MILITARY TRAINING
Universal compulsory military service shall be abolished in Germany.
The German Army may only be constituted and recruited by means of voluntary enlistment.
The period of enlistment for non-commissioned officers and privates must be twelve consecutive
The number of men discharged for any reason before the expiration of their term of enlistment
must not exceed in any year five per cent. of the total effectives fixed by the second subparagraph of paragraph (I)
of Article 160 of the present Treaty.
The officers who are retained in the Army must undertake the obligation to serve in it up to
the age of forty-five years at least.
Officers newly appointed must undertake to serve on the active list for twenty-five consecutive
years at least.
Officers who have previously belonged to any formations whatever of the Army, and who are not
retained in the units allowed to be maintained, must not take part in any military exercise whether theoretical or
practical, and will not be under any military obligations whatever.
The number of officers discharged for any reason before the expiration of their term of service
must not exceed in any year five per cent. of the total effectives of officers provided for in the third sub-paragraph
(I) of Article 160 of the present Treaty.
On the expiration of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty there must
only exist in Germany the number of military schools which is absolutely indispensable for the recruitment of the officers
of the units allowed. These schools will be exclusively intended for the recruitment of officers of each arm, in the
proportion of one school per arm.
The number of students admitted to attend the courses of the said schools will be strictly
in proportion to the vacancies to be filled in the cadres of officers. The students and the cadres will be reckoned
in the effectives fixed by the second and third subparagraphs of paragraph (I) of Article 160 of the present Treaty.
Consequently, and during the period fixed above, all military academies or similar institutions
in Germany, as well as the different military schools for officers, student officers (Aspiranten), cadets, non-commissioned
officers or student non-commissioned officers (Aspiranten), other than the schools above provided for, will be abolished.
Educational establishments, the universities, societies of discharged soldiers, shooting or
touring clubs and, generally speaking associations of every description, whatever be the age of their members, must
not occupy themselves with any military matters.
In particular they will be forbidden to instruct or exercise their members or to allow them
to be instructed or exercised, in the profession or use of arms.
These societies, associations, educational establishments and universities must have no connection
with the Ministries of War or any other military authority.
All measures of mobilisation or appertaining to mobilisation are forbidden.
In no case must formations, administrative services or General Staffs include supplementary
Germany agrees, from the coming into force of the present Treaty, not to accredit nor to send
to any foreign country any military, naval or air mission, nor to allow any such mission to leave her territory, and
Germany further agrees to take appropriate measures to prevent German nationals from leaving her territory to become
enrolled in the Army, Navy or Air service of any foreign Power, or to be attached to such Army, Navy or Air service
for the purpose of assisting in the military, naval or air training thereof, or otherwise for the purpose of giving
military, naval or air instruction in any foreign country.
The Allied and Associated Powers agree, so far as they are concerned, from the coming into
force of the present Treaty, not to enroll in nor to attach to their armies or naval or air forces any German national
for the purpose of assisting in the military training of such armies or naval or air forces, or otherwise to employ
any such German national as military, naval or aeronautic instructor.
The present provision does not, however, affect the right of France to recruit for the Foreign
Legion in accordance with French military laws and regulations.
All fortified works, fortresses and field works situated in German territory to the west of
a line drawn fifty kilometres to the east of the Rhine shall be disarmed and dismantled.
Within a period of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty such of the
above fortified works, fortresses and field works as are situated in territory not occupied by Allied and Associated
troops shall be disarmed, and within a further period of four months they shall be dismantled. Those which are situated
in territory occupied by Allied and Associated troops shall be disarmed and dismantled within such periods as may be
fixed by the Allied High Command.
The construction of any new fortification, whatever its nature and importance, is forbidden
in the zone referred to in the first paragraph above.
The system of fortified works of the southern and eastern frontiers of Germany shall be maintained
in its existing state.
SECTION II .
After the expiration of a period of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty
the German naval forces in commission must not exceed:
6 battleships of the Deutschland or Lothringen type, 6 light cruisers, 12 destroyers, 12 torpedo
or an equal number of ships constructed to replace them as provided in Article l90.
No submarines are to be included.
All other warships, except where there is provision to the contrary in the present Treaty,
must be placed in reserve or devoted to commercial purposes.
Until the completion of the minesweeping prescribed by Article 193 Germany will keep in commission
such number of minesweeping vessels as may be fixed by the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
After the expiration of a period of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty,
the total personnel of the German Navy, including the manning of the Deet, coast defences, signal stations, administration
and other land services, must not exceed fifteen thousand, including officers and men of all grades and corps,
The total strength of officers and warrant officers must not exceed fifteen hundred.
Within two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty the personnel in excess
of the above strength shall be demobilised.
No naval or military corps or reserve force in connection with the Navy may be organised in
Germany without being included in the above strength.
From the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty all the German surface warships
which are not in German ports cease to belong to Germany, who renounces all rights over them.
Vessels which, in compliance with the Armistice of November 11, 1918, are now interned in the
ports of the Allied and Associated Powers are declared to be finally surrendered.
Vessels which are now interned in neutral ports will be there surrendered to the Governments
of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers. The German Government must address a notification to that effect to
the neutral Powers on the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Within a period of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty the German surface
warships enumerated below will be surrendered to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers in such
Allied ports as the said Powers may direct.
These warships will have been disarmed as provided in Article XXIII of the Armistice of November
11, 1918. Nevertheless they must have all their guns on board.
Oldenburg. Thuringen. Ostfriesland. Helgoland. Posen. Westfalen. Rheinland. Nassau.
Stettin. Danzig. Munchen. Lubeck. Stralsund. Augsburg. Kolberg. Stuttgart.
and, in addition, forty-two modern destroyers and fifty modern torpedo boats, as chosen by
the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
On the coming into force of the present Treaty the German Government must undertake, under
the supervision of the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, the breaking up of all the German
surface warships now under construction.
ARTICLE 187 .
The German auxiliary cruisers and fleet auxiliaries enumerated below will be disarmed and treated
as merchant ships.
INTERNED IN NEUTRAL COUNTRIES:
Berlin. Santa Fe. Seydlitz. Yorck.
Ammon. Answald. Bosnia. Cordoba. Cassel. Dania. Rio Negro. Rio Pardo. Santa Cruz. Schwaben.
Solingen. Steigerwald. Franken. Gundomar. Furst Bulow. Gertrud. Kigoma. Rugia. Santa Elena. Schleswig. Mowe. Sierra
Ventana. Chemnitz. Emil Georg von Strauss. Habsburg. Meteor. Waltraute. Scharnhorst.
On the expiration of one month from the coming into force of the present Treaty all German
submarines, submarine salvage vessels and docks for submarines, including the tubular dock, must have been handed over
to the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
Such of these submarines, vessels and docks as are considered by the said Governments to be
fit to proceed under their own power or to be towed shall be taken by the German Government. into such Allied ports
as have been indicated
The remainder, and also those in course of construction, shall be broken up entirely by the
German Government under the supervision of the said Governments. The breaking-up must be completed within three months
at the most after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Articles, machinery and material arising from the breaking-up of German warships of all kinds,
whether surface vessels or submarines, may not be used except for purely industrial or commercial purposes.
They may not be sold or disposed of to foreign countries.
Germany is forbidden to construct or acquire any warships other than those intended to replace
the units in commission provided for in Article l81 of the present Treaty
The warships intended for replacement purposes as above shall not exceed the following displacement:
Armoured ships 10,000 tons
Light cruisers 6,000 tons
Destroyers 800 tons
Torpedo boats 200 tons
Except where a ship has been lost, units of the different classes shall only be replaced at
the end of a period of twenty years in the case of battleships and cruisers, and fifteen years in the case of destroyers
and torpedo boats, counting from the launching of the ship.
ARTICLE 191 .
The construction or acquisition of any submarine, even for commercial purposes, shall be forbidden
The warships in commission of the German fleet must have on board or in reserve only the allowance
of arms, munitions and war material fixed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers. Within a month from the fixing
of the quantities as above, arms, munitions and war material of all kinds, including mines and torpedoes, now in the
hands of the German Government and in excess of the said quantities, shall be surrendered to the Governments of the
said Powers at places to be indicated by them. Such arms, munitions and war material will be destroyed or rendered
All other stocks, depots or reserves of arms, munitions or naval war material of all kinds
The manufacture of these articles in German territory for, and their export to, foreign countries
shall be forbidden.
On the coming into force of the present Treaty Germany will forthwith sweep up the mines in
the following areas in the North Sea to the eastward of longitude 4° 00', E. of Greenwich:
(1) Between parallels of latitude 53° 00', N. and 59° 00', N.; (2) To the northward
of latitude 60° 30' N.
Germany must keep these areas free from mines.
Germany must also sweep and keep free from mines such areas in the Baltic as may ultimately
be notified by the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
The personnel of the German Navy shall be recruited entirely by voluntary engagements entered
into for a minimum period of twenty-five consecutive years for officers and warrant officers; twelve consecutive years
for petty officers and men.
The number engaged to replace those discharged for any reason before the expiration of their
term of service must not exceed five per cent. per annum of the totals laid down in this Section (Article 183).
The personnel discharged from the Navy must not receive any kind of naval or military training
or undertake any further service in the Navy or Army.
Officers belonging to the Germany Navy and not demobilised must engage to serve till the age
of forty-five, unless discharged for sufficient reasons.
No officer or man of the German mercantile marine shall receive any training in the Navy.
In order to ensure free passage into the Baltic to all nations, Germany shall not erect any
fortifications in the area comprised between latitudes 55° 27' N. and 54° 00' N. and longitudes 9°Ê00'
E. and 16°Ê00' E. of the meridian of Greenwich, nor install any guns commanding the maritime routes between
the North Sea and the Baltic. The fortifications now existing in this area shall be demolished and the guns removed
under the supervisions of the Allied Governments and in periods to be fixed by them.
The German Government shall place at the disposal of the Governments of the Principal Allied
and Associated Powers all information now in its possession concerning the channels and adjoining waters between the
Baltic and the North Sea.
All fortified works and fortifications, other than those mentioned in Section XIII (Heligoland)
of Part III (Political Clauses for Europe) and in Article 195, now established within fifty kilometres of the German
coast or on German islands off that coast shall be considered as of a defensive nature and may remain in their existing
No new fortifications shall be constructed within these limits. The armament of these defences
shall not exceed, as regards the number and calibre of guns, those in position at the date of the coming into force
of the present Treaty. The German Government shall communicate forthwith particulars thereof to all the European Governments.
On the expiration of a period of two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty
the stocks of ammunition for these guns shall be reduced to and maintained at a maximum figure of fifteen hundred rounds
per piece for calibres of 4.1-inch and under, and five hundred rounds per piece for higher calibres.
During the three months following the coming into force of the present Treaty the German high-power
wireless telegraphy stations at Nauen, Hanover and Berlin shall not be used for the transmission of messages concerning
naval, military or political questions of interest to Germany or any State which has been allied to Germany in the
war, without the assent of the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers. These stations may be used
for commercial purposes, but only under the supervision of the said Governments, who will decide the wavelength to
During the same period Germany shall not build any more high-power wireless telegraphy stations
in her own territory or that of Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria or Turkey.
The armed forces of Germany must not include any military or naval air forces.
Germany may, during a period not extending beyond October 1, 1919, maintain a maximum number
of one hundred seaplanes or flying boats, which shall be exclusively employed in searching for submarine mines, shall
be furnished with the necessary equipment for this purpose, and shall in no case carry arms, munitions or bombs of
any nature whatever.
In addition to the engines installed in the seaplanes or flying boats above mentioned, one
spare engine may be provided for each engine of each of these craft.
No dirigible shall be kept.
Within two months from the coming into force of the present Treaty the personnel of air forces
on the rolls of the German land and sea forces shall be demobilised. Up to October 1, 1919, however, Germany may keep
and maintain a total number of one thousand men, including officers, for the whole of the cadres and personnel, flying
and non-flying, of all formations and establishments.
Until the complete evacuation of German territory by the Allied and Associated troops, the
aircraft of the Allied and Associated Powers shall enjoy in Germany freedom of passage through the air, freedom of
transit and of landing.
During the six months following the coming into force of the present Treaty, the manufacture
and importation of aircraft, parts of aircraft, engines for aircraft, and parts of engines for aircraft, shall be forbidden
in all German territory.
On the coming into force of the present Treaty, all military and naval aeronautical material,
except the machines mentioned in the second and third paragraphs of Article 198, must be delivered to the Governments
of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
Delivery must be effected at such places as the said Governments may select, and must be completed
within three months.
In particular, this material will include all items under the following heads which are or
have been in use or were designed for warlike purposes:
Complete aeroplanes and seaplanes, as well as those being manufactured, repaired or assembled.
Dirigibles able to take the air, being manufactured, repaired or assembled.
Plant for the manufacture of hydrogen.
Dirigible sheds and shelters of every kind for aircraft.
Pending their delivery, dirigibles will, at the expense of Germany, be maintained inflated
with hydrogen; the plant for the manufacture of hydrogen, as well as the sheds for dirigibles may at the discretion
of the said Powers, be left to Germany until the time when the dirigibles are handed over.
Engines for aircraft.
Nacelles and fuselages.
Armament (guns, machine guns, light machine guns, bombdropping apparatus, torpedo-dropping
apparatus, synchronisation apparatus, aiming apparatus).
Munitions (cartridges, shells, bombs loaded or unloaded, stocks of explosives or of material
for their manufacture).
Instruments for use on aircraft.
Wireless apparatus and photographic or cinematograph apparatus for use on aircraft.
Component parts of any of the items under the preceding heads.
The material referred to above shall not be removed without special permission from the said
INTER-ALLIED COMMISSIONS OF CONTROL.
All the military, naval and air clauses contained in the present Treaty, for the execution
of which a time-limit is prescribed, shall be executed by Germany under the control of Inter-Allied Commissions specially
appointed for this purpose by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.
The Inter-Allied Commissions of Control will be specially charged with the duty of seeing to
the complete execution of the delivery, destruction, demolition and rendering things useless to be carried out at the
expense of the German Government in accordance with the present Treaty.
They will communicate to the German authorities the decisions which the Principal Allied and
Associated Powers have reserved the right to take, or which the execution of the military, naval and air clauses may
The Inter-Allied Commissions of Control may establish their organisations at the seat of the
central German Government.
They shall be entitled as often as they think desirable to proceed to any point whatever in
German territory, or to send subcommissions, or to authorise one or more of their members to go, to any such point.
The German Government must give all necessary facilities for the accomplishment of their missions
to the Inter-Allied Commissions of Control and to their members.
It shall attach a qualified representative to each Inter-Allied Commission of Control for the
purpose of receiving the communications which the Commission may have to address to the German Government and of supplying
or procuring for the Commission all information or documents which may be required.
The German Government must in all cases furnish at its own cost all labour and material required
to effect the deliveries and the works of destruction, dismantling, demolition, and of rendering things useless, provided
for in the present Treaty.
The upkeep and cost of the Commissions of Control and the expenses involved by their work shall
be borne by Germany.
The Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control will represent the Governments of the Principal
Allied and Associated Powers in dealing with the German Government in all matters concerning the execution of the military
In particular it will be its duty to receive from the German Government the notifications relating
to the location of the stocks and depots of munitions, the armament of the fortified works, fortresses and forts which
Germany is allowed to retain, and the location of the works or factories for the production of arms, munitions and
war material and their operations.
It will take delivery of the arms, munitions and war material, will select the points where
such delivery is to be effected, and will supervise the works of destruction, demolition, and of rendering things useless,
which are to be carried out in accordance with the present Treaty.
The German Government must furnish to the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such
information and documents as the latter may deem necessary to ensure the complete execution of the military clauses,
and in particular all legislative and administrative documents and regulations.
The Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control will represent the Governments of the Principal
Allied and Associated Powers in dealing with the German Government in all matters concerning the execution of the naval
In particular it will be its duty to proceed to the building yards and to supervise the breaking-up
of the ships which are under construction there, to take delivery of all surface ships or submarines, salvage ships,
docks and the tubular docks, and to supervise the destruction and breaking-up provided for.
The German Government must furnish to the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such
information and documents as the Commission may deem necessary to ensure the complete execution of the naval clauses,
in particular the designs of the warships, the composition of their armaments, the details and models of the guns,
munitions, torpedoes, mines, explosives, wireless telegraphic apparatus and, in general, everything relating to naval
war material, as well as all legislative or administrative documents or regulations.
The Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commission of Control will represent the Governments of the Principal
Allied and Associated Powers in dealing with the German Government in all matters concerning the execution of the air
In particular it will be its duty to make an inventory of the aeronautical material existing
in German territory, to inspect aeroplane, balloon and motor manufactories, and factories producing arms, munitions
and explosives capable of being used by aircraft, to visit all aerodromes, sheds, landing grounds, parks and depots,
to authorise, where necessary, a removal of material and to take delivery of such material.
The German Government must furnish to the Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commission of Control all
such information and legislative, administrative or other documents which the Commission may consider necessary to
ensure the complete execution of the air clauses, and in particular a list of the personnel belonging to all the German
Air Services, and of the existing material, as well as of that in process of manufacture or on order, and a list of
all establishments working for aviation, of their positions, and of all sheds and landing grounds.
After the expiration of a period of three months from the coming into force of the present
Treaty, the German laws must have been modified and shall be maintained by the German Government in conformity with
this Part of the present Treaty.
Within the same period all the administrative or other measures relating to the execution of
this Part of the Treaty must have been taken.
The following portions of the Armistice of November 11, 1918 Article VI, the first two and
the sixth and seventh paragraphs of Article VII; Article IX; Clauses I, II and V of Annex n° 2, and the Protocol,
dated April 4, 1919, supplementing the Armistice of November 11, 1918, remain in force so far as they are not inconsistent
with the above stipulations.
So long as the present Treaty remains in force, Germany undertakes to give every facility for
any investigation which the Council of the League of Nations, acting if need be by a majority vote, may consider necessary.
PRISONERS OF WAR AND GRAVES.
PRISONERS OF WAR.
The repatriation of prisoners of war and interned civilians shall take place as soon as possible
after the coming into force of the present Treaty and shall be carried out with the greatest rapidity.
The repatriation of German prisoners of war and interned civilians shall, in accordance with
Article 214, be carried out by a Commission composed of representatives of the Allied and Associated Powers on the
one part and of the German Government on the other part.
For each of the Allied and Associated Powers a Sub-Commission, composed exclusively of Representatives
of the interested Power and of Delegates of the German Government, shall regulate the details of carrying into effect
the repatriation of the prisoners of war.
From the time of their delivery into the hands of the German authorities the prisoners of war
and interned civilians are to be returned without delay to their homes by the said authorities.
Those amongst them who before the war were habitually resident in territory occupied by the
troops of the Allied and Associated Powers are likewise to be sent to their homes, subject to the consent and control
of the military authorities of the Allied and Associated armies of occupation.
The whole cost of repatriation from the moment of starting shall be borne by the German Government
who shall also provide the land and sea transport and staff considered necessary by the Commission referred to in Article
Prisoners of war and interned civilians awaiting disposal or undergoing sentence for offences
against discipline shall be repatriated irrespective of the completion of their sentence or of the proceedings pending
This stipulation shall not apply to prisoners of war and interned civilians punished for offences
committed subsequent to May 1, 1919.
During the period pending their repatriation all prisoners of war and interned civilians shall
remain subject to the existing regulations, more especially as regards work and discipline.
Prisoners of war and interned civilians who are awaiting disposal or undergoing sentence for
offences other than those against discipline may be detained.
The German Government undertakes to admit to its territory without distinction all persons
liable to repatriation.
Prisoners of war or other German nationals who do not desire to be repatriated may be excluded
from repatriation; but the Allied and Associated Governments reserve to themselves the right either to repatriate them
or to take them to a neutral country or to allow them to reside in their own territories.
The German Government undertakes not to institute any exceptional proceedings against these
persons or their families nor to take any repressive or vexatious measures of any kind whatsoever against them on this
The Allied and Associated Governments reserve the right to make the repatriation of German
prisoners of war or German nationals in their hands conditional upon the immediate notification and release by the
German Government of any prisoners of war who are nationals of the Allied and Associated Powers and may still be in
(1) To give every facility to Commissions to enquire into the cases of those who cannot be
traced; to furnish such Commissions with all necessary means of transport; to allow them access to camps, prisons,
hospitals and all other places; and to place at their disposal all documents, whether public or private, which would
facilitate their enquiries;
(2) To impose penalties upon any German officials or private persons who have concealed the
presence of any nationals of any of the Allied and Associated Powers or have neglected to reveal the presence of any
such after it had come to their knowledge.
Germany undertakes to restore without delay from the date of the coming into force of the present
Treaty all articles, money, securities and documents which have belonged to nationals of the Allied and Associated
Powers and which have been retained by the German authorities.
The High Contracting Parties waive reciprocally all repayment of sums due for the maintenance
of prisoners of war in their respective territories.
The Allied and Associated Governments and the German Government will cause to be respected
and maintained the graves of the soldiers and sailors buried in their respective territories.
They agree to recognise any Commission appointed by an Allied or Associated Government for
the purpose of identifying, registering, caring for or erecting suitable memorials over the said graves and to facilitate
the discharge of its duties.
Furthermore they agree to afford, so far as the provisions of their laws and the requirements
of public health allow, every facility for giving effect to requests that the bodies of their soldiers and sailors
may be transferred to their own country.
The graves of prisoners of war and interned civilians who are nationals of the different belligerent
States and have died in captivity shall be properly maintained in accordance with Article 225 of the present Treaty.
The Allied and Associated Governments on the one part and the German Government on the other
part reciprocally undertake also to furnish to each other:
(1) A complete list of those who have died, together with all information useful for identification;
(2) All information as to the number and position of the graves of all those who have been
buried without identification.
The Allied and Associated Powers publicly arraign William II of Hohenzollern, formerly German
Emperor, for a supreme offence against international morality and the sanctity of treaties.
A special tribunal will be constituted to try the accused, thereby assuring him the guarantees
essential to the right of defence. It will be composed of five judges, one appointed by each of the following Powers:
namely, the United States of America, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan.
In its decision the tribunal will be guided by the highest motives of international policy,
with a view to vindicating the solemn obligations of international undertakings and the validity of international morality.
It will be its duty to fix the punishment which it considers should be imposed.
The Allied and Associated Powers will address a request to the Government of the Netherlands
for the surrender to them of the ex-Emperor in order that he may be put on trial.
The German Government recognises the right of the Allied and Associated Powers to bring before
military tribunals persons accused of having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of war. Such persons
shall, if found guilty, be sentenced to punishments laid down by law. This provision will apply notwithstanding any
proceedings or prosecution before a tribunal in Germany or in the territory of her allies.
The German Government shall hand over to the Allied and Associated Powers, or to such one of
them as shall so request, all persons accused of having committed an act in violation of the laws and customs of war,
who are specified either by name or by the rank, office or employment which they held under the German authorities.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of one of the Allied and Associated Powers
will be brought before the military tribunals of that Power.
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of more than one of the Allied and Associated
Powers will be brought before military tribunals composed of members of the military tribunals of the Powers concerned.
In every case the accused will be entitled to name his own counsel.
The German Government undertakes to furnish all documents and information of every kind, the
production of which may be considered necessary to ensure the full knowledge of the incriminating acts, the discovery
of offenders and the just appreciation of responsibility.
The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany
and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals
have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.
The Allied and Associated Governments recognise that the resources of Germany are not adequate,
after taking into account permanent diminutions of such resources which will result from other provisions of the present
Treaty, to make complete reparation for all such loss and damage.
The Allied and Associated Governments, however, require, and Germany undertakes, that she will
make compensation for all damage done to the civilian population of the Allied and Associated Powers and to their property
during the period of the belligerency of each as an Allied or Associated Power against Germany by such aggression by
land, by sea and from the air, and in general all damage as defined in Annex l hereto.
In accordance with Germany's pledges, already given, as to complete restoration for Belgium,
Germany undertakes, in addition to the compensation for damage elsewhere in this Part provided for, as a consequence
of the violation of the Treaty of 1839, to make reimbursement of all sums which Belgium has borrowed from the Allied
and Associated Governments up to November 11, 1918, together with interest at the rate of five per cent (5%) per annum
on such sums. This amount shall be determined by the Reparation Commission, and the German Government undertakes thereupon
forthwith to make a special issue of bearer bonds to an equivalent amount payable in marks gold, on May 1, 1926, or,
at the option of the German Government, on the 1st of May in any year up to 1926. Subject to the foregoing, the form
of such bonds shall be determined by the Reparation Commission. Such bonds shall be handed over to the Reparation Commission,
which has authority to take and acknowledge receipt thereof on behalf of Belgium.
The amount of the above damage for which compensation is to be made by Germany shall be determined
by an Inter-Allied Commission, to be called the Reparation Commission and constituted in the form and with the powers
set forth hereunder and in Annexes II to VII inclusive hereto.
This Commission shall consider the claims and give to the German Government a just opportunity
to be heard.
The findings of the Commission as to the amount of damage defined as above shall be concluded
and notified to the German Government on or before May 1, 1921, as representing the extent of that Government's obligations.
The Commission shall concurrently draw up a schedule of payments prescribing the time and manner
for securing and discharging the entire obligation within a period of thirty years from May 1, 1921. If, however, within
the period mentioned, Germany fails to discharge her obligations, any balance remaining unpaid may, within the discretion
of the Commission, be postponed for settlement in subsequent years, or may be handled otherwise in such manner as the
Allied and Associated Governments, acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Part of the present Treaty,
The Reparation Commission shall after May 1 , 1921, from time to time, consider the resources
and capacity of Germany, and, after giving her representatives a just opportunity to be heard, shall have discretion
to extend the date, and to modify the form of payments, such as are to be provided for in accordance with Article 233;
but not to cancel any part, except with the specific authority of the several Governments represented upon the Commission.
In order to enable the Allied and Associated Powers to proceed at once to the restoration of
their industrial and economic life, pending the full determination of their claims, Germany shall pay in such installments
and in such manner (whether in gold, commodities, ships, securities or otherwise) as the Reparation Commission may
fix, during 1919, 1920 and the first four months Of 1921 , the equivalent of 20,000,000,000 gold marks. Out of this
sum the expenses of the armies of occupation subsequent to the Armistice of November 11, 1918, shall first be met,
and such supplies of food and raw materials as may be judged by the Governments of the Principal Allied and Associated
Powers to be essential to enable Germany to meet her obligations for reparation may also, with the approval of the
said Governments, be paid for out of the above sum. The balance shall be reckoned towards liquidation of the amounts
due for reparation. Germany shall further deposit bonds as prescribed in paragraph 12 (c) Of Annex II hereto.
Germany further agrees to the direct application of her economic resources to reparation as
specified in Annexes, III, IV, V, and VI, relating respectively to merchant shipping, to physical restoration, to coal
and derivatives of coal, and to dyestuffs and other chemical products; provided always that the value of the property
transferred and any services rendered by her under these Annexes, assessed in the manner therein prescribed shall be
credited to her towards liquidation of her obligations under the above Articles.
The successive installments, including the above sum, paid over by Germany in satisfaction
of the above claims will be divided by the Allied and Associated Governments in proportions which have been determined
upon by them in advance on a basis of general equity and of the rights of each.
For the purposes of this division the value of property transferred and services rendered under
Article 243, and under Annexes III, IV, V, VI, and VII, shall be reckoned in the same manner as cash payments effected
in that year.
In addition to the payments mentioned above Germany shall effect, in accordance with the procedure
laid down by the Reparation Commission, restitution in cash of cash taken away, seized or sequestrated, and also restitution
of animals, objects of every nature and securities taken away, seized or sequestrated, in the cases in which it proves
possible to identify them in territory belonging to Germany or her allies.
Until this procedure is laid down, restitution will continue in accordance with the provisions
of the Armistice of November 11, 1918, and its renewals and the Protocols thereto.
The German Government undertakes to make forthwith the restitution contemplated by Article
238 and to make the payments and deliveries contemplated by Articles 233, 234, 235 and 236.
The German Government recognises the Commission provided for by Article 233 as the same may
be constituted by the Allied and Associated Governments in accordance with Annex II, and agrees irrevocably to the
possession and exercise by such Commission of the power and authority given to it under the present Treaty.
The German Government will supply to the Commission all the information which the Commission
may require relative to the financial situation and operations and to the property, productive capacity, and stocks
and current production of raw materials and manufactured articles of Germany and her nationals, and further any information
relative to military operations which in the judgment of the Commission may be necessary for the assessment of Germany's
liability for reparation as defined in Annex I.
The German Government will accord to the members of the Commission and its authorised agents
the same rights and immunities as are enjoyed in Germany by duly accredited diplomatic agents of friendly Powers.
Germany further agrees to provide for the salaries and expenses of the Commission and of such
staff as it may employ.
Germany undertakes to pass, issue and maintain in force any legislation, orders and decrees
that may be necessary to give complete effect to these provisions.
The provisions of this Part of the present Treaty do not apply to the property, rights and
interests referred to in Sections III and IV of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty, nor to the product
of their liquidation, except so far as concerns any final balance in favour of Germany under Article 243 (a).
The following shall be reckoned as credits to Germany in respect of her reparation obligations:
(a) Any final balance in favour of Germany under Section V (Alsace-Lorraine) of Part III (Political
Clauses for Europe) and Sections III and IV of Part X (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty;
(b) Amounts due to Germany in respect of transfers under Section IV (Saar Basin) of Part III
(Political Clauses for Europe), Part IX Financial Clauses), and Part XII (Ports, Waterways and Railways);
(c) Amounts which in the judgment of the Reparation Commission should be credited to Germany
on account of any other transfers under the present Treaty of property, rights, concessions or other interests.
In no case, however, shall credit be given for property restored in accordance with Article
238 of the present Part.
The transfer of the German submarine cables which do not form the subject of particular provisions
of the present Treaty is regulated by Annex VII hereto.
Compensation may be claimed from Germany under Article 232 above in respect of the total damage
under the following categories:
(l) Damage to injured persons and to surviving dependents by personal injury to or death of
civilians caused by acts of war, including bombardments or other attacks on land, on sea, or from the air, and all
the direct consequences thereof, and of all operations of war by the two groups of belligerents wherever arising.
(2) Damage caused by Germany or her allies to civilian victims of acts of cruelty, violence
or maltreatment (including injuries to life or health as a consequence of imprisonment, deportation, internment or
evacuation, of exposure at sea or of being forced to labour), wherever arising, and to the surviving dependents of
(3) Damage caused by Germany or her allies in their own territory or in occupied or invaded
territory to civilian victims of all acts injurious to health or capacity to work, or to honour, as well as to the
surviving dependents of such victims.
(4) Damage caused by any kind of maltreatment of prisoners of war.
(5) As damage caused to the peoples of the Allied and Associated Powers, all pensions and compensation
in the nature of pensions to naval and military victims of war (including members of the air force), whether mutilated,
wounded, sick or invalided, and to the dependents of such victims, the amount due to the Allied and Associated Governments
being calculated for each of them as being the capitalised cost of such pensions and compensation at the date of the
coming into force of the present Treaty on the basis of the scales in force in France at such date.
(6) The cost of assistance by the Government of the Allied and Associated Powers to prisoners
of war and to their families and dependents.
(7) Allowances by the Governments of the Allied and Associated Powers to the families and dependents
of mobilised persons or persons serving with the forces, the amount due to them for each calendar year in which hostilities
occurred being calculated for each Government on the basis of the average scale for such payments in force in France
during that year.
(8) Damage caused to civilians by being forced by Germany or her allies to labour without just
(9) Damage in respect of all property wherever situated belonging to any of the Allied or Associated
States or their nationals, with the exception of naval and military works or materials, which has been carried off,
seized, injured or destroyed by the acts of Germany or her allies on land, on sea or from the air, or damage directly
in consequence of hostilities or of any operations of war.
(10) Damage in the form of levies, fines and other similar exactions imposed by Germany or
her allies upon the civilian population.
The Commission referred to in Article 233 shall be called "The Reparation Commission"
and is hereinafter referred to as "the Commission".
Delegates to this Commission shall be nominated by the United States of America, Great Britain,
France, Italy, Japan, Belgium and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State. Each of these Powers will appoint one Delegate and
also one Assistant Delegate, who will take his place in case of illness or necessary absence, but at other times will
only have the right to be present at proceedings without taking any part therein.
On no occasion shall the Delegates of more than five of the above Powers have the right to
take part in the proceedings of the Commission and to record their votes. The Delegates of the United States, Great
Britain, France and Italy shall have this right on all occasions. The Delegate of Belgium shall have this right on
all occasions other than those referred to below. The Delegate of Japan shall have this right on occasions when questions
relating to damage at sea, and questions arising under Article 200 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) in which Japanese
interests are concerned, are under consideration. The Delegate of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State shall have this right
when questions relating to Austria, Hungary or Bulgaria are under consideration.
Each Government represented on the Commission shall have the right to withdraw therefrom upon
twelve months, notice filed with the Commission and confirmed in the course of the sixth month after the date of the
Such of the other Allied and Associated Powers as may be interested shall have the right to
appoint a Delegate to be present and act as Assessor only while their respective claims and interests are under examination
or discussion, but without the right to vote.
In case of the death, resignation or recall of any Delegate, Assistant Delegate or Assessor,
a successor to him shall be nominated as soon as possible.
The Commission will have its principal permanent Bureau in Paris and will hold its first meeting
in Paris as soon as practicable after the coming into force of the present Treaty, and thereafter will meet in such
place or places and at such time as it may deem convenient and as may be necessary for the most expeditious discharge
of its duties.
At its first meeting the Commission shall elect, from among the Delegates referred to above,
a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman, who shall hold office for one yearand shall be eligible for re-election. If a vacancy
in the Chairmanship or Vice-Chairmanship should occur during the annual period, the Commission shall proceed to a new
election for the remainder of the said period.
The Commission is authorised to appoint all necessary officers, agents and employees who may
be required for the execution of its functions, and to fix their remuneration; to constitute committees, whose members
need not necessarily be members of the Commission, and to take all executive steps necessary for the purpose of discharging
its duties; and to delegate authority and discretion to officers, agents and committees.
All proceedings of the Commission shall be private, unless, on particular occasions, the Con
mission shall otherwise determine for special reasons.
The Commission shall be required, if the German Government so desire, to hear, within a period
which it will fix from time to time, evidence and arguments on the part of Germany on any question connected with her
capacity to pay.
The Commission shall consider the claims and give to the German Government a just opportunity
to be heard, but not to take any part whatever in the decisions of the Commission The Commission shall afford a similar
opportunity to the allies of Germany, when it shall consider that their interests are in question
The Commission shall not be bound by any particular code or rules of law or by any particular
rule of evidence or of procedure, but shall be guided by justice, equity and good faith. Its decisions must follow
the same principles and rules in all cases where they are applicable. It will establish rules relating to methods of
proof of claims. It may act on any trustworthy modes of computation.
The Commission shall have all the powers conferred upon it, and shall exercise all the functions
assigned to it, by the present Treaty.
The Commission shall in general have wide latitude as to its control and handling of the whole
reparation problem as dealt with in this Part of the present Treaty and shall have authority to interpret its provisions.
Subject to the provisions of the present Treaty, the Commission is constituted by the several Allied and Associated
Governments referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 above as the exclusive agency of the said Governments respectively for
receiving, selling, holding, and distributing the reparation payments to be made by Germany under this Part of the
present Treaty. The Commission must comply with the following conditions and provisions:
(a) Whatever part of the full amount of the proved claims is not paid in gold, or in ships,
securities and commodities or otherwise, Germany shall be required, under such conditions as the Commission may determine,
to cover by way of guarantee by an equivalent issue of bonds, obligations or otherwise, in order to constitute an acknowledgment
of the said part of the debt.
(b) In periodically estimating Germany's capacity to pay, the Commission shall examine the
German system of taxation, first, to the end that the sums for reparation which Germany is required to pay shall become
a charge upon all her revenues prior to that for the service or discharge of any domestic loan, and secondly, so as
to satisfy itself that, in general, the German scheme of taxation is fully as heavy proportionately as that of any
of the Powers represented on the Commission.
(c) In order to facilitate and continue the immediate restoration of the economic life of the
Allied and Associated countries, the Commission will as provided in Article 235 take from Germany by way of security
for and acknowledgment of her debt a first installment of gold bearer bonds free of all taxes and charges of every
description established or to be established by the Government of the German Empire or of the German States, or by
any authority subject to them; these bonds will be delivered on account and in three portions, the marks gold being
payable in conformity with Article 262 of Part IX (Financial Clauses) of the present Treaty as follows:
(1) To be issued forthwith, 20,000,000,000 Marks gold bearer bonds, payable not later than
May l, 1921, without interest. There shall be specially applied towards the amortisation of these bonds the payments
which Germany is pledged to make in conformity with Article 235, after deduction of the sums used for the reimbursement
of expenses of the armies of occupation and for payment of foodstuffs and raw materials. Such bonds as have not been
redeemed by May l, 1921, shall then be exchanged for new bonds of the same type as those provided for below (paragraph
l2, C, (2).
(2) To be issued forthwith, further 40,000,000,000 Marks gold bearer bonds, bearing interest
at 2-1/2 per cent. per annum between 1921 and l926, and thereafter at 5 per cent. per annum with an additional l per
cent. for amortisation beginning in 1926 on the whole amount of the issue.
(3) To be delivered forthwith a covering undertaking in writing to issue when, but not until,
the Commission is satisfied that Germany can meet such interest and sinking fund obligations, a further installment
of 40,000,000,000 Marks gold 5 per cent. bearer bonds, the time and mode of payment of principal and interest to be
determined by the Commission.
The dates for payment of interest, the manner of applying the amortisation fund, and all other
questions relating to the issue, management and regulation of the bond issue shall be determined by the Commission
from time to time.
Further issues by way of acknowledgment and security may be required as the Commission subsequently
determines from time to time.
(d) In the event of bonds, obligations or other evidence of indebtedness issued by Germany
by way of security for or acknowledgment of her reparation debt being disposed of outright, not by way of pledge, to
persons other than the several Governments in whose favour Germany's original reparation indebtedness was created,
an amount of such reparation indebtedness shall be deemed to be extinguished corresponding to the nominal value of
the bonds, etc., so disposed of outright, and the obligation of Germany in respect of such bonds shall be confined
to her liabilities to the holders of the bonds, as expressed upon their face.
(e) The damage for repairing, reconstructing and rebuilding property in the invaded and devastated
districts, including reinstallation of furniture, machinery and other equipment, will be calculated according to the
cost at the dates when the work is done.
(f) Decisions of the Commission relating to the total or partial cancellation of the capital
or interest of any verified debt of Germany must be accompanied by a statement of its reasons.
As to voting, the Commission will observe the following rules:
When a decision of the Commission is taken, the votes of all the Delegates entitled to vote,
or in the absence of any of them, of their Assistant Delegates, shall be recorded. Abstention from voting is to be
treated as a vote against the proposal under discussion. Assessors have no vote.
On the following questions unanimity is necessary:
(a) Questions involving the sovereignty of any of the Allied and Associated Powers, or the
cancellation of the whole or any part of the debt or obligations of Germany;
(b) Questions of determining the amount and conditions of bonds or other obligations to be
issued by the German Government and of fixing the time and manner for selling, negotiating or distributing such bonds;
(c) Any postponement, total or partial, beyond the end of 1930, of the payment of installments
falling due between May 1, 1921, and the end of 1926 inclusive;
(d) Any postponement, total or partial, of any installment falling due after 1926 for a period
exceeding three years;
(e) Questions of applying in any particular case a method of measuring damages different from
that which has been previously applied in a similar case;
(f) Questions of the interpretation of the provisions of this Part of the present Treaty.
All other questions shall be decided by the vote of a majority.
In case of any difference of opinion among the Delegates, which cannot be solved by reference
to their Governments, upon the question whether a given case is one which requires a unanimous vote for its decision
or not, such difference shall be referred to the immediate arbitration of some impartial person to be agreed upon by
their Governments, whose award the Allied and Associated Governments agree to accept.
Decisions of the Commission, in accordance with the powers conferred upon it, shall forthwith
become binding and may be put into immediate execution without further Proceedings.
The Commission will issue to each of the interested Powers, in such form as the Commission
(l) A certificate stating that it holds for the account of the said Power bonds of the issues
mentioned above, the said certificate, on the demand of the Power concerned, being divisible in a number of parts not
(2) From time to time certificates stating the goods delivered by Germany on account of her
reparation debt which it holds for the account of the said Power.
The said certificates shall be registered, and upon notice to the Commission, may be transferred
When bonds are issued for sale or negotiation, and when goods are delivered by the Commission,
certificates to an equivalent value must be withdrawn.
Interest shall be debited to Germany as from May 1, 1921, in respect of her debt as determined
by the Commission, after allowing for sums already covered by cash payments or their equivalent, or by bonds issued
to the Commission, or under Article 243. The rate of interest shall be 5 per cent. unless the Commission shall determine
at some future time that circumstances justify a variation of the rate.
The Commission, in fixing on May 1, 1921, the total amount of the debt of Germany, may take
account of interest due on sums arising out of the reparation of material damage as from November 11, 1918, up to May
In case of default by Germany in the performance of any obligation under this Part of the present
Treaty, the Commission will forthwith give notice of such default to each of the interested Powers and may make such
recommendations as to the action to be taken in consequence of such default as it may think necessary.
The measures which the Allied and Associated Powers shall have the right to take, in case of
voluntary default by Germany, and which Germany agrees not to regard as acts of war may include economic and financial
prohibitions and reprisals and in general such other measures as the respective Governments may determine to be necessary
in the circumstances.
Payments required to be made in gold or its equivalent on account of the proved claims of the
Allied and Associated Powers may at any time be accepted by the Commission in the form of chattels, properties, commodities,
businesses, rights, concessions within or without German territory, ships, bonds, shares or securities of any kind,
or currencies of Germany or other States, the value of such substitutes for good being fixed at a fair and just amount
by the Commission itself.
The Commission, in fixing or accepting payment in specified properties or rights, shall have
due regard for any legal or equitable interests of the Allied and Associated Powers or of neutral Powers or of their
No member of the Commission shall be responsible, except to the Government appointing him,
for any action or omission as such member. No one of the Allied or Associated Governments assumes any responsibility
in respect of any other Government.
Subject to the provisions of the present Treaty this Annex may be amended by the unanimous
decision of the Governments represented from time to time upon the Commission.
When all the amounts due from Germany and her allies under the present Treaty or the decisions
of the Commission have been discharged and all sums received, or their equivalents, shall have been distributed to
the Powers interested, the Commission shall be dissolved.
Germany recognises the right of the Allied and Associated Powers to the replacement, ton for
ton (gross tonnage) and class for class, of all merchant ships and fishing boats lost or damaged owing to the war.
Nevertheless, and in spite of the fact that the tonnage of German shipping at present in existence
is much less than that lost by the Allied and Associated Powers in consequence of the German aggression, the right
thus recognised will be enforced on German ships and boats under the following conditions:
The German Government, on behalf of themselves and so as to bind all other persons interested,
cede to the Allied and Associated Governments the property in all the German merchant ships which are of 1,600 tons
gross and upwards; in one-half, reckoned in tonnage, of the ships which are between 1,000 tons and 1,600 tons gross;
in one-quarter, reckoned in tonnage, of the steam trawlers; and in one-quarter, reckoned in tonnage, of the other fishing
The German Government will, within two months of the coming into force of the present Treaty,
deliver to the Reparation Commission all the ships and boats mentioned in paragraph 1.
The ships and boats mentioned in paragraph 1 include all ships and boats which (a) fly, or
may be entitled to fly, the German merchant flag; or (b) are owned by any German national, company or corporation or
by any company or corporation belonging to a country other than an Allied or Associated country and under the control
or direction of German nationals; or (c) are now under construction (1) in Germany, (2) in other than Allied or Associated
countries for the account of any German national, company or corporation.
For the purpose of providing documents of title for the ships and boats to be handed over as
above mentioned, the German Government will:
(a) Deliver to the Reparation Commission in respect of each vessel a bill of sale or other
document of title evidencing the transfer to the Commission of the entire property in the vessel free from all encumbrances,
charges and liens of all kinds, as the Commission may require;
(b) Take all measures that may be indicated by the Reparation Commission for ensuring that
the ships themselves shall be placed at its disposal.
As an additional part of reparation, Germany agrees to cause merchant ships to be built in
German yards for the account of the Allied and Associated Governments as follows:
(a) Within three months of the coming into force of the present Treaty, the Reparation Commission
will notify to the German Government the amount of tonnage to be laid down in German ship-yards in each of the two
years next succeeding the three months mentioned above.
(b) Within two years of the coming into force of the present Treaty, the Reparation Commission
will notify to the German Government the amount of tonnage to be laid down in each of the three years following the
two years mentioned above.
(c) The amount of tonnage to be laid down in each year shall not exceed 200,000 tons, gross
(d) The specifications of the ships to be built, the conditions under which they are to be
built and delivered, the price per ton at which they are to be accounted for by the Reparation Commission, and all
other questions relating to the accounting ordering, building and delivery of the ships, shall be determined by the
Germany undertakes to restore in kind and in normal condition of upkeep to the Allied and Associated
Powers, within two months of the coming into force of the present Treaty, in accordance with procedure to be laid down
by the Reparation Commission, any boats and other movable appliances belonging to inland navigation which since August
1, 1914, have by any means whatever come into her possession or into the possession of her nationals, and which can
With a view to make good the loss in inland navigation tonnage from whatever cause arising,
which has been incurred during the war by the Allied and Associated Powers, and which cannot be made good by means
of the restitution prescribed above, Germany agrees to cede to the Reparation Commission a portion of the German river
fleet up to the amount of the loss mentioned above, provided that such cession shall not exceed 20 per cent. of the
river fleet as it existed on November 11, 1918.
The conditions of this cession shall be settled by the arbitrators referred to in Article 339
of Part XII (Ports, Waterways and Railways) of the present Treaty, who are charged with the settlement of difficulties
relating to the apportionment of river tonnage resulting from the new international regime applicable to certain river
systems or from the territorial changes affecting those systems.
Germany agrees to take any measures that may be indicated to her by the Reparation Commission
for obtaining the full title to the property in all ships which have during the war been transferred, or are in process
of transfer, to neutral flags, without the consent of the Allied and Associated Governments.
Germany waives all claims of any description against the Allied and Associated Governments
and their nationals in respect of the detention, employment, loss or damage of any German ships or boats, exception
being made of payments due in respect of the employment of ships in conformity with the Armistice Agreement of January
13, 1919, and subsequent Agreements.
The handing over of the ships of the German mercantile marine must be continued without interruption
in accordance with the said Agreement.
Germany waives all claims to vessels or cargoes sunk by or in consequence of naval action and
subsequently salved, in which any of the Allied or Associated Governments or their nationals may have any interest
either as owners, charterers, insurers or otherwise, notwithstanding any decree of condemnation which may have been
made by a Prize Court of Germany or of her allies.
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